Tour the Architecture

This historic Paine estate features a mansion with more than two dozen rooms and many surrounding architectural structures, such as outbuildings, walls and gates. A selection of architectural highlights is featured below.

Orange couch in front of an old fireplace


Located on the lower level of the mansion, the Paine’s newly renovated Studio is a space to learn, create and dream. With furniture and décor in the style of the Paine, the Studio is a comfortable, flexible and inspiring environment for people of all ages to read, relax, be creative, connect with others and recharge.



Designed by architect Bryant Fleming, the Paine mansion is a 1920’s Tudor Revival-style house inspired by English country estates. Fleming varied the house’s interior and exterior architectural features to give it the appearance of being built over three centuries in evolving English styles.

View of the Great Hall in the Paine Mansion

Great Hall

As the “living room” of the house, the Great Hall was designed as the central space for leisure and entertainment. Halls like this descended from sparsely furnished rooms in medieval castles, which over time became more comfortable and elegant. The features of this room are strongly influenced by the Tudor and Elizabethan styles of the 16th century.

Great Stairs in the Paine Mansion

Stair Hall

The Stair Hall, with its magnificently hand-carved oak staircase, forms the central corridor of the house. Although this space does not represent one specific historical period, the staircase’s acorn and oak leaf motif was popular in the 1500s in England. The staircase was hand-carved in the Michigan workshop of Alois Lang, a Bavarian-born master craftsman.

Breakfast Room

Breakfast Room

Mr. Paine envisioned this room as an enclosed porch linking the outside landscape and Wisconsin’s changing seasons with a garden-like interior. The Breakfast Room’s early 20th-century American influences create a setting that is less formal than other first floor rooms. The tinted glass panes in the windows, here and throughout the mansion, were created to look as if they were made hundreds of years ago, with varying bubbles, streaks, and color.

Dining Room in the Paine Mansion

Dining Room

The Georgian period (1714-1837), the “golden age” of English country houses, provided the stylistic influence for the formal Dining Room. The walls are paneled in walnut, and the elaborately carved boxwood and pine swag over the fireplace was purchased from an estate in England. The ceiling features an ornate symmetrical floral design in carved in plaster.

Library in the Paine Mansion


The impressive stone, wood, and plaster architectural features of this room were influenced by England’s Jacobean period (1660-1688). The rose, a focal point in the plaster ceiling decoration, was a symbol of the English Tudor family, and is a decorative motif employed throughout the estate. The wood paneling is walnut. Like much of the mansion’s woodwork, the Paines left it unvarnished to highlight its natural beauty.

Master Bedroom

This room was to serve as Nathan and Jessie’s bedroom, but it was not completed during their lifetimes. In 1993 a substantial bequest of exceptional 18th and 19th-century English and French furniture from the estate of Arthur Liebman of Lake Forest, Illinois, provided appropriate furnishings for this room. Drawings by the Paines’ decorator Phelps Jewett were used to arrange the room in a character similar to the original plans.

Main Gallery in the Paine Mansion

Main Gallery

Nathan and Jessie Paine always intended their estate to be open to the public. This large gallery was designed to showcase their art collection as well as changing exhibitions. Its location and entranceway would have allowed the public to visit while the Paines occupied other parts of the house.

Fountain in front of the tool shed in the Paine Gardens

Tool Shed

This smartly designed and situated building provides both utilitarian and aesthetic functions. The west façade provides a dramatic backdrop for the Rose Garden, and the building conceals the Carriage House courtyard behind, where garden work activities would have been undertaken. The east side of the shed has three sets of double doors opening into the courtyard for easy access to the gardening equipment inside.

Carriage house at the Paine Mansion

Carriage House

The Tudor-style Carriage House was designed as a four-car garage with two apartments for staff above. The first floor was extensively renovated in 2012 to create a multi-purpose room on the first level, and to house administrative offices on the second. A large addition was also built to provide a public entrance while connecting the historic building to the new conservatory.

The Paine Conservatory at night


Built in 2012, the conservatory is the first new structure added to the Paine property since the estate was first constructed in the late 1920’s. The exterior was built with the same materials as the historic Paine architecture–Kasota limestone and artisan stucco. Designed in the style of a garden conservatory with a large skylight and tall windows, the light-filled building functions as a multi-purpose space for events and programs.

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